Student ideas

Great attendance and some fabulous (and useful) discussion from the 26 Nov workshop. Currently in talks with the John Rylands Library about the development of a series of events connecting the slide collections and the visual resources of the Rylands – so watch this space!

Below notes are taken from the undergrad student suggestions and ideas for possible uses of the slide collection …….


Slides should be considered art objects in their own right

The narratives behind their collections and creation (individual collectors// the archivists and librarians over the years)

The collection as a whole like a Duchampian “Boit-en-Valise” – art history in a miniaturised and collected form

A discussion of ‘old’ versus ‘new’ technology (i.e. Analogue vs Digital – being hotly debated within archival, artistic and technology circles)

Who decides? Why should the two be placed in opposition, rather being used alongside each other?

The materiality of the slides are particularly interesting and intriguing for the students – physicality and touch; process of image/ slide making, marking and projection; art in miniature form; theme of reproduction and art.

A generation of young students have little knowledge or engagement with older analogue technologies, but are still excited by the thought of using them – discovery and play.

A lack of restriction with older/ analogue technologies?: Is new technology liberating? E.g. the limitations of digital photography and software; the generic images produced by phone apps (instagram etc); the lack of physical interaction and process – analogue not just about the final outcome.

Linking to nostalgia and personal memory of experiences with photographs and slides: connections to memories of childhood/ familial uses of slides/pics/ camera clubs etc

Would be better if the collection had its own space – the library not really suitable, as students feel they can’t access them without disturbing other students in the library; a separate space would also allow for other equipment/ archive material to be accessible alongside the collection

Appearance of the grey filing cabinets can be off-putting: uninviting, overwhelming, ‘adult’ off limits collection; a lack of encouragement to engage with them

“Forbidden” adult objects: the authority of collections/ history & heritage – sometimes difficult for students to feel comfortable with these things to begin with

Student involvement: third years could be recruited to act as intern(s) for the collection, which would offer a work experience project for their CVs; first year students would each be assigned a drawer at the start of the year, and this would be the basis for a project contributing to their skills development and first-year marks

A second year module: A course module looking specifically at analogue vs digital technologies, and the significance this poses for art history and visual studies [also connects into other technologies, such as music and sound], photographic studies, and visual archives and collections. Links could be made with the John Rylands Special Collections, and with their photographic and image capture team. Links also to be made with the Visual Resources collection at Manchester School of Art, MMU, and with the Women’s Art Library, Goldsmiths, London. Also use slides to explore topics not usually considered. E.g. Nazi exhibitions of ‘degenerate’ art

Ideas for project(s):

Project// activity with uncategorised “spare” slides: consider how slides should/ can be categorised and grouped; what should be kept or discarded ….

 Stories and narratives connected to the collectors/ photographers

 Outreach – take them to other sites: schools, churches/ galleries/ outdoor spaces for one-off engagement events

 Writers/ artists/ musicians to respond to the collection

Exhibition: Themed projections of slides// projection of old exhibition views (from Museum drawers)// the close view slides which fragment paintings// project on the outside of buildings and spaces, e.g. car parks, supermarkets, boarded-up housing// display with light boxes

Exhibition broken into themed areas to address areas discussed above; feeds into wider discussion of art vs craft which mirrors digital vs analogue debate. Link to outreach/ PE activity – groups to bring in their own slide collection(s)

A docu-art film: reel of slides, combined with interviews with slide curators and other users of slides (ie. domestic users)



A little light reading

Some fabulous ideas and suggestions from the second year Undergraduates who attended the workshop last week. I’ll be compiling their thoughts into some form of article/ report very shortly. In the meantime, I’ve been dipping into some further reading ….

Hal Foster, ‘An Archival Impulse’, OCTOBER  110, Fall 2004

Jacques Derrida, ‘Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression’, diacritics, 25.2 Summer 1995

Charles Merewether, ed., The Archive (2006)


The ‘C’ Word

The word ‘curiosity’ seems to be cropping up in all my conversations regarding the slide collection – it might be beginning to bore some people. However, I think it’s this particular ingredient which is central to generating an exciting and dynamic subject area and department. We are all guilty of apathy at some point or another, but we should at least be curious [there it is again] about the diverse topics and objects which are available for us to explore and research (or just simply enjoy).

It’s been suggested that the shift from analogue to digital culture means we no longer require such collections – that the internet and beloved ‘Google’ offers all we could possibly require in terms of visual culture. However, although the internet and digital culture may indeed offer variety at the touch of a mouse, the images and artworks contained with such a vast collection as AHVS slide library vastly outweighs that of any online source. Likewise, you will never find such works placed together within one internet site, or indeed text-book. The slide collection is thus a physical, visual encyclopedia. Unlike books or the internet, there is an inclusiveness to a slide collection.

As so eloquently stated by Althea Greenan of the Women’s Art Library, Goldsmiths:

“The process of photographing artwork, processing film, slide-mounting and labeling, suggests that the 35mm slide is a mode of image publication that has no direct equivalent today. The individual slides have physical attributes that add a layer of meaning to art documentation which takes on a different significance when accumulated into a large collection.” [A. Greenan, What can a slide collection do besides represent artwork? (2011), p. 3]

She asks crucial questions of the Women’s Art Library slide collection, which are wholly relevant for to AHVS collection: ‘How does the slide collection personalize the art experience? […] Why keep a slide collection? […]What is different about the experience of art through a slide collection to the experience of art through digital image databases? What is changed when a slide is no longer projectable?[…] What can an art slide collection do besides represent artwork?’ (Greenan, p.5, 11)

It is these kinds of questions I am constantly considering when searching through the collection when thinking about how we can use the slides as a resource within teaching. Yes, we may not always use the slides to physically project images – although there are many which could, and should, still be used; but it is the information which is contained within the collection which interests me – the vast numbers of artists and designers which never get considered because we just ‘forget’ they exist if not included within the teaching timetable

Returning to the ‘c’ word once again: I want students to be curious about their subject area; to want to glean more knowledge than what they already possess have as they hit ‘Google’. Curiosity leads to the unexpected; it leads us to new knowledge. Take advantage of resources which offer such opportunities.



Undergrad workshop 14 November, 2pm.

The workshop will be held in the AHVS library on the fourth floor, Mansfield Cooper. Students will be introduced to the Art History slide collection and the issues concerning its preservation and its use within teaching. Students will be handling the slides and will engage in a group discussion/ debate about the contents and future of the collection.

If you are interested in attending please email

‘Worktown Study’

“Washing on the Lines, Bolton” (1937), by Humphrey Spender. Photograph from the Mass Observation ‘Worktown Study’ – 75th anniversary this weekend.

For more info about the Worktown Study or Mass Observation, see: and


Quite unexpectedly, I’ve become quite enamored with the rather large collection of misericord slides; original images taken in numerous British churches and cathedrals (with a few from Belgium, France, Germany and Spain). Misericords are those hidden gems within church and cathedral architecture – the under-seat carvings of choir stalls (the lifting seat is the ‘misericord’).  Humorous, bawdy, fantastical, and dipping into myth and moral instruction – some of the carvings on these ‘undersides’ are downright bonkers:


‘Man Beating a Slug with a Pack on its Back’ (c.1520)

‘Mermaid Surrounded by Monsters’ (c.1520)

‘Ape with Urine Flask’ (c.1445)

‘Fox Being Hanged by Geese’ (c.1520)

‘Pig Playing Bagpipes’ (c.1508-22)




Pleasure & pain of ‘anon’

There is something rather exciting about a drawer of slides labelled ‘anon’. ‘Anon’ is that admittance that we have no idea to whom we attribute an artwork; it is the recognition, also, that great artworks have not always been produced by the great known masters which fill art historical texts. Some interesting works may well not be canonized. But, where, then do they fit in a system of ‘value’ and ‘use’ which guides my attempt to sieve through thousands of slides to finds the ‘gems’ amongst them? I cannot rely upon the artist’s name to offer any form of justification for its preservation; I cannot place it within a known movement (anonymous artworks do not count in an historicization of the visual); there are unlikely to be any written articles supporting the provenance of either the slide itself or any supporting information for its content.

I am intrigued by one particular slide, “Status of Death” French anon, Paris. It shows three statues – each a different stage of death. The first of the left shows the body in an early state of decline; the outline of the ribs are beginning to show through the skin; the arm and legs muscles are very wasted; the skin on the face is tightening and starting to peel in some sections. The second central sculpture is the body in its near-skeletal stage, yet it still clings fast to the drapes which hang from its body. A rope is entwined around the legs; the body holds something in its hand, but the miniature image is unclear. The mouth is stretch into a ghastly scream-like position. The final statue is pure white bone. Arms hang limp by the side of the body, there is no expression nor movement; the skeleton is held up by a rod through its back. I have no information on the dimensions of the objects depicted in the slide – are they small, only a foot or less in height, or are they full-sized replicas of the human body?

To some extent, what does it matter that I have no named artist to which I can attribute these works? Death and its status is a universal theme stretching across artworks, artists and styles. Perhaps then the value of this particular collection should be considered thematically? How can certain concepts/ ideas/ philosophies be considered in light of these ‘anon’ slides? In the absence of an artist’s name perhaps we are forced to look again at the object – (names can be distracting).

Things I never knew

Yesterday morning I spent time with the ‘Paintings’ drawers – these are colour coded red, there are 281 drawers in this section. They form a large part of the collection. I was rather overwhelmed by them to begin with, but they are an exciting and rather tantalizing collection – every (known) painter is possibly included here, somewhere. The drawers are first ordered by chronological geographical location, then within the drawer by chronological surname.

I started with the first drawer: African: Congo-Uganda/ Algerian// American: Abb-Dav. Just this drawer alone has led me to discover artists and works I never knew of – alongside some of the more well known works. There is an interesting democracy at work in a drawer such as this; artworks which would never be exhibited together here sit side by side; artists who would never come together geographically nor periodically, are divided by letter alone. The collection of slides dismantles art historical categories of style and canonisation, purely through their placement in a drawer space. I like to think it of it as a rather radical challenging of traditional art historical methods. In this drawer African artists meet American artists, each with their own typed or hand-written slide card of title, date and artist’s name, but nothing to suggest value or worth, or an imposed interpretation.

I’ve picked out a few works which caught my eye:

Chéri Samba, The Draughtsman, Chéri Samba (1981)

Chike C. Aniakor, The Allegory of Power (1996)


Thomas Hart Benton, Deep South [one of three murals] (1930-31)


Paul Cadmus, YMCA Locker Room (1931)


Stuart Davis, The Paris Bit (1959)


George Brecht, Silence (1966)

One of the conceptual artist-musician’s “word gestures”: rather appropriately, I can’t find this image online.